Diabetes Mellitus is one of the most widespread, noncommunicable diseases in history, and the rates are only going higher. Thanks to the online health portals and videos, people are more conscious of this disease than before. But, sadly, over-enthusiasm regarding diabetes control and a healthy lifestyle led the healthcare professionals to some problems. Here in this article, we will dissect the facts of whether a healthy lifestyle is enough to control diabetes or not.
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What is Diabetes Mellitus?
Though most of us heard this disease’s name and at least half of us have one relative suffering from diabetes, very few of us have a clear conception about the disease. Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic abnormality due to an increased amount of glucose present in blood or extracellular compartments. You must be thinking that glucose is our brain’s primary food, so more glucose should be better.
Here is the problem. More glucose or hypoglycemic state shuts off some emergency electrolyte transportation in our body. It can result in weakness, fatigue, and slowly, the symptoms can affect your kidney, liver, and brain.
How to detect?
If you want to stay one step ahead of diabetes Mellitus, you need first to diagnose your blood sugar level. It is straightforward these days with glucometers. You only need to put one drop of venous blood on the tip of the machine, and the chemical analyzer will tell you your sugar level in digits. It is much more convenient than a typical lab test and faster. Nowadays, chronic diabetic patients use this glucometer to keep a check on their glucose levels.
According to the WHO statement, you can be a regular, prediabetic, or diabetic person depending on the sugar level in your blood. But, here, the lab technicians will need two separate samples and a complete lab analysis. If the fasting blood glucose level is between three-point six to six, you are in the healthy range. Anywhere above seven is a diabetic condition, and you better watch your health from now onwards.
If you have a blood glucose level between six to six point nine, you are borderline diabetic or in prediabetic condition. It is a risky state, and if you do not watch your steps, it can soon take a drastic turn. You can also start early screens regularly to stay alert before you enter the Prediabetic condition. There are some striking clinical presentations of diabetes, and identifying them earlier can help you here.
Polyuria, polyphagia, and polydipsia are familiar as the classical triad of diabetes. Here the polyuria stands for increased frequency of micturition or urination. You have to exclude that urination does not have any burning sensation or blood passage with it. Otherwise, the diagnosis can be some other way. Polyphagia stands for increased hunger. It happens due to the unsaturation of the satiety center in the brain. Though diabetic people have increased hunger, you may notice weight loss in these patients. Polydipsia is a state of increased thirst where people need to drink more than before.
How does exercise help?
Exercise, or more explicitly walking, is a great tool to fight diabetes. Antidiabetic drugs act by pushing the free glucose inside the cells from the plasma. It needs carrier proteins and several transporters to complete the task, and the drugs mimic the natural receptors. Walking will naturally open the GLUT-2 receptors in the liver to take up excess glucose.
So, regular exercise can be your first line of defense mechanism to prevent and fight diabetes Mellitus.