Parenthood is fantastic and a blessing from God, undoubtedly. But, we already have eight billion people, and the earth is losing its accommodation capacity very soon. More people means more food scarcity, more places to build accommodation, and carbon eruption. So, contraception seems the only feasible option to ensure a safe and healthy future for our upcoming generation.
What is contraception?
Contrary to popular belief, contraception is not cruel and does not associate with killing any unborn fetus. Contraception is a process to alter the biophysical profile of the male or female genital organs to prevent fertilization. It means we can prevent pregnancies through conception without harming any life, and it does not contradict any religious views.
Mechanism of action
Contraception works in different ways, and the mechanism depends on various factors. So, before understanding the mechanism of action of the contraceptives, you have to choose the most efficient option for you. Here is a brief detail of the available contraception options to help you. But, make sure to consult your gynecologist before starting any contraceptive method.
Barrier methods or condoms are the most popular contraceptive methods these days. There are condoms for both males and females, but male condoms are more prevalent. Here the condom goes on the erect male genital and prevents the ejaculation from reaching the female uterus. Condoms have a very high success rate with no hormonal alterations.
In addition to almost perfect contraception, condoms are a great way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases. So, this thin layer of latex comes with many benefits for young, lovely couples.
Hormonal methods are the most widespread method of contraception, and there have been some significant breakthroughs over the recent years. The most popular hormonal method is the combined oral contraceptive pills containing estrogen and progesterone derivatives. So, these hormonal pills have a success rate of over ninety-seven percent to prevent unwanted pregnancies.
OCP is not a good option to prevent STDs, but it is highly beneficial to treat some of the deadliest female menstrual abnormalities. Researchers have found that cyclical oral contraceptive pills are great for regularizing abnormal menstrual cycles and healing menstrual pain. Over twenty percent of young women suffer from dysmenorrhea, which can halt their regular activities. So, OCP can be a blessing here.
Intrauterine devices were trendy in the last decade as a contraceptive method. Here, the medical technician will screen you for any local injury or cellular abnormalities beforehand implanting the device. If you are a susceptible candidate, then the doctor will introduce a T-shaped loop that can block both the openings of your fallopian tubes. So, no sperm can reach your ovary, and there will be no pregnancies.
Disadvantages of IUCD
Intrauterine contraceptive devices can fail at any time, and it requires continuous monitoring. So, the success rate and patient compliance are lower than the other available options in the market. But, it is an excellent choice for usually older women and if you do not want any hormonal abnormalities.
Also, there can be irregular spotting or withdrawal bleeding from the intrauterine contraceptive devices. So, you have to consult your physician if you face any such episodes.
Nowadays, there are better options for IUCD, and these come with releasable hormones. So, the overall success rates increase by many folds. But, it still can not prevent any STD and does not work well for women with multiple children.
There are many options for contraception these days. First, you have to make your mind to reduce your carbon footprint and then consult your doctor to find the best fit for you.